The increased stress of competitions can cause footballers to react both physically and mentally in a manner that can negatively affect their performance abilities. They may become overwhelmingly nervous, tense, their heart rates increase, they break into a severe anxiety, they worry about the outcome of the game , they find it hard to concentrate on the process.

This has led coaches to take an increasing interest in the field of sport psychology and in particular in the area of competitive anxiety. That interest has focused on techniques that footballers can use in the competitive situation to maintain control and optimise their performance.